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Livestock Sector in India – Current Status, Challenges & Initiatives

Context-

The department of animal husbandry and dairying released the 20th livestock census in October 2019.

What is livestock-

Domestication of animals raised in an agricultural setting to gain labour and products such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, etc.

Livestock rearing, Dairying, Fisheries activities, along with agriculture, are an integral part of human life since the start of civilization. These activities have helped to improve the food basket and to gain draught animal power. As a result of conducive climate and topography, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Sectors have played a prominent socio-economic role in India.

They play a significant role in generating employment in the rural sector, mainly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, apart from providing cheap and nutritious food to millions. They act as the ‘‘bank on hooves’’.

Food Wastage in India – An Alarming Rise

With the threat of climate change and the subsequent impact of it on the monsoon patterns and agricultural output, all stakeholders must mitigate food waste by employing new practices at multiple levels. At a time when it was reported that migrants died due to hunger and starvation during the lockdown period in April and May 2020, The data revealed recently highlights that over 1,550 tonnes of food grains got damaged in Food Corporation of India (FCI) warehouses.

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