Matangini Hazra

Recent news pays homage to the valiant women freedom fighters, acknowledging their immense contributions to India’s struggle for independence. Among these extraordinary individuals, Matangini Hazra stands out as an emblem of courage, resilience, and unwavering dedication to the cause of freedom.

This topic of “Matangini Hazra” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Matangini Hazra: The Unconventional Revolutionary

Matangini Hazra was a revolutionary figure who defied societal norms and circumstances. Born into a poor farming family in Hogla, near Tamluk, West Bengal, she embarked on a path of resistance and activism that would leave an indelible mark on history.

A Life of Struggles: From Early Marriage to Early Widowhood

Matangini’s life began with hardships as she faced early marriage at the tender age of 12 to Trilochan Hazra, a 60-year-old from Alinan village in Medinipur. Widowed by the age of 18 and childless, Matangini’s life journey was one marked by trials and tribulations.

Code Name God and Her Affection for Gandhi

Matangini’s deep admiration for Mahatma Gandhi earned her the moniker “Gandhiburi,” signifying an old Gandhian woman. Despite her love for Gandhi, her involvement in the freedom struggle from 1905 was marked by unwavering courage and activism.

Significant Contributions to the Freedom Struggle

Matangini’s activism became particularly significant during the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1932. Her arrest during the Salt Satyagraha for demanding the removal of the Salt Tax highlighted her dedication. Her persistence led to multiple arrests, with one resulting in her imprisonment in Baharampur for six months.

Birthplace and Demise

Matangini Hazra was born in Hogla in 1869. She met her martyrdom at the age of 73 during the Quit India movement march. British bullets silenced her, yet her legacy and courage continue to inspire generations.

Honoring Her Legacy: The Story of Kanaklata Barua

Matangini Hazra’s spirit echoes in the stories of other brave women freedom fighters like Kanaklata Barua. Born in Barangabari, Assam, in 1924, Kanaklata played a pivotal role in the Quit India Movement. Her iconic act of hoisting the Tricolour at the Gohpur Police station, Assam, in 1942 became a symbol of her fearless determination.

Remembering Kanaklata Barua’s Sacrifice

Tragically, Kanaklata Barua’s life was cut short as police gunfire took her life during the procession. Despite her young age, she exhibited remarkable leadership qualities as the leader of Mrityu Bahini, which means the “Army of Death.”

Legacy and Recognition

Kanaklata Barua’s memory lives on as a symbol of sacrifice and determination. In 2020, her legacy was honored when the Coast Guard Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) was named ICGS Kanaklata Barua, commemorating her spirit and contributions.

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