Maratha Reservation Bill

Maratha Reservation Bill mind map
Recent News
Maharashtra Government Legislation
Restore Quashed Reservation
Protests by Community
Demand for Quota
Government Jobs
Demand Since 1981
Major Agitation in 1997
2018 Law Enacted
2019 Court Recommendation
2020 Supreme Court Verdict
2021 Supreme Court Struck Down
Socio-Economic Disadvantages
Historical Significance
Political Dominance in Maharashtra
Initial 16% Reservation
Reduced to 12% Education
Reduced to 13% Jobs
Exceeds 50% Total Reservation Cap
Indian Context
Socially and Educationally Backward Classes
Supreme Court Judgements
Indra Sawhney Case 1992
50% Reservation Cap
102nd Amendment Act 2018
Central Identification of SEBC
103rd Amendment Act 2019
59.5% Total Reservation
Maharashtra, India
Maratha Community
Historically "Warrior" Caste
Predominantly Agrarian
Government and Judiciary
Maharashtra State Government
Supreme Court of India
Legal Challenges
Exceeding Cap
Violating Right to Equality
Political Mobilization
Social Justice for Marathas
Political Empowerment
Cons and Challenges
Legal Limitations
50% Cap on Reservations
Opposing Views on Reservation Policy
Way Forward
Possible Review Petition
Dialogue and Negotiations
Exploring Constitutional Amendments

The New Maratha Reservation Bill in Maharashtra, India, aims to address the socio-economic disadvantages faced by the Maratha community by providing them with reservations in government jobs and education. Historically dominant in the state’s political landscape, the Marathas have been advocating for reservation quotas since the 1980s. The issue gained momentum in 1997 and saw significant developments in 2018 when a 16% reservation was initially granted. However, this faced legal challenges, leading to a reduction in the reservation percentages and eventual striking down by the Supreme Court in 2021 due to exceeding the 50% total reservation cap set in the 1992 Indira Sawhney judgment.

The situation is further complicated by the 102nd and 103rd Constitutional Amendment Acts, which affect the state’s power to identify Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBCs) and the overall reservation percentage in India. Despite these challenges, the demand for Maratha reservation continues, marked by protests and political mobilization, highlighting the ongoing struggle for social justice and political empowerment within the legal and constitutional framework of India.

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