Japanese Population Decline

Japanese Population Decline
Japan records
Steepest population decline
Japanese population decline
For 14th year in a row
Population shrinking
Since peak in 2008
Due to declining birthrate
Last year's births
7,71,801 births recorded
A record low
Number of Japanese nationals
Declined by 0.65%
By 8,00,000 people
To 122.4 million in 2022
Compared to previous year
Population decline recorded
In all 47 prefectures
For the first time
Number of foreign residents
Reached new high
3 million people
Account for 2.4% of total population
Reflects increasing role
Played by non-Japanese people
In shrinking and aging Japan
Data from
Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry
Japanese cabinet approval
Plan to expand job categories
Allowed for foreign workers
Opening door for future permanent residency
Major shift in country
Known for closed-door immigration policy
Struggling with shrinking population

This topic of “Japanese Population Decline” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


  • Japan records the steepest population decline, marking the 14th consecutive year of decline.


  • The Japanese population has been declining since its peak in 2008, largely attributed to a declining birthrate.
  • Last year, there were only 771,801 births recorded, which is a record low.
  • The number of Japanese nationals declined by 0.65%, equivalent to 800,000 people, bringing the total population to 122.4 million in 2022 compared to the previous year.
  • Population decline was observed in all 47 prefectures for the first time.
  • On the other hand, the number of foreign residents reached a new high of 3 million people, accounting for 2.4% of the total population.


  • The declining Japanese population and the increasing number of foreign residents reflect the changing dynamics and the role played by non-Japanese individuals in an aging and shrinking Japan.


  • The data on the Japanese population decline comes from the Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry.


  • In response to the shrinking population, the Japanese cabinet approved a plan to expand job categories allowed for foreign workers, potentially opening the door for future permanent residency.
  • This represents a major shift in the country, which has been historically known for its closed-door immigration policy and is now grappling with the challenges posed by a declining population.

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