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Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956

Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 mind map
Recent News
Kerala High Court Ruling
Charges brothel customers
Expands liability
When
Enacted
December 30, 1956
Amendments
1978, 1986
Why
Suppress immoral traffic
Combat human trafficking
Prevent commercial sexual exploitation
What
Definitions
Brothel
Various locations
For sexual exploitation
Prostitution
Exploitation or abuse for commercial gain
Special Police Officer (SPO)
Appointed by State Government
Powers
Arrest without warrant
Search premises without warrant
Mandatory medical examination
Magistrate
Wide powers
Rescuing individuals
Detention in protective homes
Punishments
Various offences
Brothel keeping
Living off earnings of prostitution
Procurement for prostitution
Custodial prostitution
Range of imprisonment and fines
Trial Procedures
Exclusive trial by magistrate
Speedy trial provisions
Protective Homes
Licensed under Section 21
Care and protection
Vocational training
Where
Extends to whole of India
Who
Governed by
Indian Penal Code
Constitution of India
Juvenile Justice Act
Significance
Addresses human trafficking
Focus on rehabilitation
Challenges
Emphasis on perpetrator
Not addressing victim's needs
Way Forward
Emphasis on victim protection
Legislative amendments

The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act of 1956, commonly known as ITPA, is an Indian legislation initially enacted to combat the trafficking of women and children for the purpose of prostitution. This act, which aligns with international conventions, doesn’t criminalize prostitution per se but targets activities like brothel keeping, pimping, and procuring individuals for prostitution. With provisions for the rescue and rehabilitation of victims, the Act empowers special police officers and magistrates to enforce its provisions. However, it has faced criticism for focusing more on the perpetrators rather than adequately addressing the needs of the victims. Recent legal interpretations, such as the Kerala High Court’s decision to charge brothel customers, demonstrate evolving judicial attitudes towards this complex issue.

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