What are the main factors responsible for gender inequality in India? Discuss the contribution of Savitribai Phule in this regard. (150 words)

Factors Responsible for Gender Inequality in India

  • Socio-cultural norms and attitudes: traditional attitudes and beliefs about gender roles and responsibilities often perpetuate gender inequality in India.
  • Education: lack of access to education and limited educational opportunities for girls and women is a significant factor in gender inequality.
  • Economic factors: poverty, lack of access to economic resources, and limited economic opportunities for women contribute to gender inequality in India.
  • Political factors: lack of representation and participation of women in politics and decision-making processes also contribute to gender inequality.

Contribution of Savitribai Phule

  • Savitribai Phule was a social reformer and educationist in 19th century India who worked to promote education and upliftment of women and the lower caste communities.
  • She opened the first school for girls in India in 1848 and later established a training school for women teachers.
  • She also advocated for the abolition of the caste system and for the rights of women, particularly in the areas of education and employment.
  • Her work was instrumental in breaking down barriers to education and employment for women and helping to improve the status of women in Indian society.
  • Her works and activism have been considered as the foundation for the women’s education and empowerment movement in India.
Mind map notes for UPSC
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