‘Clean energy is the order of the day’. Describe briefly India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international fora in the context of geopolitics. (250 words) [2022]

India has been actively engaged in international efforts to address climate change, and has adopted a number of policies and initiatives to promote clean energy and reduce its carbon footprint. Some key highlights of India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international fora in the context of geopolitics are as follows:

  1. International agreements: India has been an active participant in international agreements on climate change, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement. India has committed to reducing its carbon emissions and transitioning to clean energy sources, and has submitted its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) outlining its climate action plans under the Paris Agreement.
  2. Renewable energy targets: India has set ambitious targets for renewable energy generation, including a target of 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 and 500 GW by 2030. To achieve these targets, India has implemented a range of policies and incentives, including the National Solar Mission, the National Wind Energy Mission, and the National Biofuels Policy.
  3. Clean energy financing: India has also sought to increase financing for clean energy projects, both domestically and internationally. For example, India has established the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF) to support the development of clean energy technologies and the Green Energy Corridors to facilitate the integration of renewable energy into the grid. India has also sought to leverage international financing mechanisms, such as the Green Climate Fund (GCF), to support its clean energy efforts.
  4. Climate diplomacy: India has also sought to engage with other countries and international organizations on climate change through a range of diplomatic initiatives. For example, India has participated in various international climate conferences and summits, and has also engaged in bilateral and multilateral climate dialogue with other countries.

In summary, India has been actively engaged in international efforts to address climate change and has adopted a range of policies and initiatives to promote clean energy and reduce its carbon footprint. These efforts have been driven by India’s domestic climate and energy goals, as well as its broader geopolitical interests and concerns.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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