Ramesh is State Civil Services Officer who got the opportunity of getting posted to the capital of a border State after rendering 20 years of service. Ramesh’s mother has recently been detected cancer and has been admitted in the leading cancer hospital of the city. His two adolescent children have also got admission in one of the best public schools of the town. After settling down in his appointment as Director in the Home Department of the State, Ramesh got confidential report through intelligence sources that illegal migrants are infiltrating in the State from the neighbouring country. He decided to personally carry out surprise check of the border posts along with his Home Department team. To his surprise, he caught red-handed two families of 12 members infiltrated with the connivance of the security personnel at the border posts. On further inquiry and investigation, it was found that after the migrants from neighbouring country infiltrate, their documentation like Aadhaar Card, Ration Card and Voter Card are also forged and they are made to settle down in a particular area of the State. Ramesh prepared the detailed and comprehensive report and submitted to the Additional Secretary of the State. However, he has summoned by the Additional Home Secretary after a week and was instructed to withdraw the report. The Additional Home Secretary informed Ramesh that the report submitted by him has not been appreciated by the higher authorities. He further cautioned him that if he fails to withdraw the confidential ort, he will not only be posted out from the prestigious appointment from the State capital but his further promotion which is due in near future will also get in jeopardy. [2022]

(a) What are the options available to Ramesh as the Director of the Home Department of the bordering State?
(b) What option should Ramesh adopt and why?
(c) Critically evaluate each of the options.
(d) What are the ethical dilemmas being faced by Ramesh?
(e) What policy measures would you suggest to combat the menace of infiltration of illegal migrants from the neighbouring country? (250 words)

Answer in 250 words:

(a) The options available to Ramesh in this situation include withdrawing the report, refusing to withdraw the report, and reporting the situation to superiors or an external authority.

(b) & (c)The most appropriate option for Ramesh would be to refuse to withdraw the report and stand by the findings of his investigation. This would be the ethical course of action as it would involve upholding the truth and integrity of his work, and fulfilling his duty as a civil servant to report and address illegal activities. While this option could potentially result in negative consequences for Ramesh’s job and promotion prospects, it is important for Ramesh to prioritize his values and principles and not compromise his integrity for the sake of personal gain.

(d) The ethical dilemmas being faced by Ramesh include loyalty vs. integrity, duty vs. self-interest, and confidentiality vs. transparency.

(e) In order to address the issue of illegal migration, policy measures that could be implemented include strengthening border security, implementing stricter immigration laws and policies, addressing corruption, improving relations with the neighboring country, providing support and assistance to refugees, implementing stronger identity verification measures, and increasing public awareness and education.

It is important for Ramesh to consider the ethical implications of his actions and the long-term consequences of his decisions, and to act in accordance with his values and principles.

Important Personalities of Modern India (Article + Mind Map) – From Prelims Sureshots!

Answer in 800 words

a) The options available to Ramesh as the Director of the Home Department of the bordering State are:

  1. Withdraw the report: Ramesh could choose to withdraw the report as instructed by the Additional Home Secretary, in order to avoid negative consequences for his job and promotion prospects.
  2. Refuse to withdraw the report: Ramesh could choose to refuse to withdraw the report and stand by the findings of his investigation. This could potentially result in negative consequences for his job and promotion prospects, but it would also be the ethical course of action as it would involve upholding the truth and integrity of his work.
  3. Report the situation: Ramesh could choose to report the situation to his superiors or to an external authority, such as an oversight body or the media. This could potentially result in negative consequences for his job and promotion prospects, but it could also help to expose and address the issue of illegal migration and corruption at the border.

b) The option that Ramesh should adopt is to refuse to withdraw the report and stand by the findings of his investigation. This would be the ethical course of action as it would involve upholding the truth and integrity of his work, and fulfilling his duty as a civil servant to report and address illegal activities.

c) Critically evaluating each option:

Option 1: Withdrawing the report would likely avoid negative consequences for Ramesh’s job and promotion prospects, but it would also involve compromising the truth and integrity of his work, and potentially allowing illegal activities to continue unchecked.

Option 2: Refusing to withdraw the report would potentially result in negative consequences for Ramesh’s job and promotion prospects, but it would also involve upholding the truth and integrity of his work and fulfilling his duty as a civil servant to report and address illegal activities.

Option 3: Reporting the situation to superiors or an external authority could potentially result in negative consequences for Ramesh’s job and promotion prospects, but it could also help to expose and address the issue of illegal migration and corruption at the border, and potentially lead to positive changes in policy and practices.

d) The ethical dilemmas being faced by Ramesh include:

  1. Loyalty vs. integrity: Ramesh may feel pressure to withdraw the report in order to avoid negative consequences for his job and promotion prospects, but doing so would involve compromising the truth and integrity of his work.
  2. Duty vs. self-interest: Ramesh may feel pressure to prioritize his own job and promotion prospects, but fulfilling his duty as a civil servant to report and address illegal activities could be more important in the long run.
  3. Confidentiality vs. transparency: Ramesh may feel pressure to keep the situation confidential in order to avoid negative consequences, but reporting the situation to superiors or an external authority could help to expose and address the issue more effectively.

e) Policy measures that could be implemented to combat the menace of infiltration of illegal migrants from the neighbouring country include:

  1. Strengthening border security: This could involve increasing the number of border patrols, installing physical barriers or surveillance technology, and implementing stricter checks and procedures at border crossings.
  2. Implementing stricter immigration laws and policies: This could involve increasing penalties for individuals and organizations involved in illegal migration, as well as implementing stricter requirements for obtaining visas and other documentation.
  3. Addressing corruption: This could involve implementing stronger safeguards and oversight measures to prevent corruption within immigration and border control agencies, as well as taking stricter action against individuals or organizations found to be engaging in corrupt practices.
  4. Improving relations with the neighboring country: This could involve negotiating agreements or implementing policies that address the root causes of illegal migration, such as poverty, conflict, or persecution, and working towards improving relations and cooperation with the neighboring country. This could involve initiatives such as economic development programs, humanitarian assistance, or diplomatic efforts to address underlying issues and reduce the need for illegal migration.
  5. Providing support and assistance to refugees: This could involve implementing policies and programs that provide support and assistance to individuals who are seeking refuge from conflict or persecution, in order to help them integrate into society and reduce the need for illegal migration.
  6. Implementing stronger identity verification measures: This could involve implementing stronger systems for verifying the identity of individuals entering the country, such as biometric identification or stronger documentation requirements, in order to reduce the ability of illegal migrants to forge documents and enter the country undetected.
  7. Increasing public awareness and education: This could involve implementing programs and campaigns to increase public awareness and understanding of the issue of illegal migration, as well as the laws and policies that are in place to address it. This could help to reduce support for illegal migration and encourage people to report any illegal activities they may encounter.
Mind map notes for UPSC
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