The Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) was established in 1985 under Article 323-A of the Indian Constitution as a result of the Administrative Tribunals Act. The main objective of the CAT was to provide prompt and low-cost justice to public servants who have grievances and complaints about their recruitment and terms of employment. The CAT has original jurisdiction over service matters and recruitment of public servants, which makes it a specialised body capable of providing swift and effective justice.
The CAT has the same jurisdiction and authority over itself as a High Court in cases of contempt and has the power to establish its own procedural and operational norms. The CAT has 18 Benches and 21 Circuit Benches spread across India and its Principal Bench hears cases involving the National Capital Territory of Delhi’s government.
With the powers and jurisdiction given to the CAT, it has been functioning as an independent judicial authority. The Central Administrative Tribunal recently launched a special campaign to resolve cases of vulnerable petitioners such as elderly citizens/pensioners, which highlights its independence and commitment to providing justice to all.
In conclusion, the Central Administrative Tribunal established for the redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees has been exercising its powers as an independent judicial authority, providing swift and effective justice to public servants.