National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) – Objectives & Functions


  • to address the grievances of persons belonging to the backward classes.
  • to investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the backward classes under the Constitution and to evaluate the progress of their development under the law.

Year of Establishment: 1993

Ministry: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment


  • statutory: as it was established by an Act of Parliament, the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.
  • constitutional: 102nd Amendment Act, 2018 made it a constitutional body under Article 338B of the Indian Constitution

This topic of “National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) – Objectives & Functions” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


  • to determine the criteria for identifying the socially and educationally backward classes,
  • recommending the inclusion or exclusion of any community in the list of backward classes,
  • looking into complaints of backward classes with respect to the deprivation of their rights, safeguards and equality of opportunity.
  • advises the government on the policy relating to the welfare of the backward classes
  • evaluates progress made in their social and economic development.
  • looks into the complaints of over-inclusion or under-inclusion of any backward classes in the central list
  • It also looks into the complaints regarding the non-implementation of the reservation policy in government services and posts.
  • works to ensure the constitutional rights of the backward classes are not violated.

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