Geological Survey of India (GSI) – Objectives & Functions

  1. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) is India’s official organization for the survey and exploration of mineral resources.
  2. It was established in 1851 by the British Government and is now an agency of the Government of India under the Ministry of Mines.
  3. It is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal and has its regional offices in different parts of the country.
  4. GSI is responsible for the systematic geological survey of India and its exclusive economic zone, as well as for the exploration and assessment of mineral and water resources.
  5. GSI also conducts research and development activities in the field of geosciences.
  6. It provides services in geoscience-related areas such as geophysical exploration, geotechnical investigations, geochemical investigations and remote sensing.
  7. It also provides training to personnel from various government and private organizations in the fields of geology, geophysics and remote sensing.
  8. GSI is involved in scientific research in various areas such as tectonics, seismology, volcanology, mineralogy and seismotectonics.
  9. It also provides consultancy services for mineral exploration and environmental impact assessments.
  10. GSI is the custodian of the national geological archives and the repository of the national geoscience database.
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