- CSIR is an autonomous research and development organisation in India operating under the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- It is the largest research and development organisation in India, with a total of 39 laboratories and 39 field stations spread across the country.
Purpose: to provide technological solutions to the problems of India and to promote the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the field.
Year of establishment: established in 1942 by the Government of India.
Ministry: autonomous organisation operating under the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India.
Type: autonomous body under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- undertakes research and development in a wide range of areas such as agriculture, energy, materials, medicine, food and nutrition, environment protection, health, biotechnology, and information technology.
- It also promotes the transfer of technology from the laboratory to the field, and provides industrial consultancy services.
National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
- one of the 37 constituent laboratories of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
- focus of research has been on observing and understanding special oceanographic characteristics of the Indian Ocean.