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Consider the following statements: 

Statement-I:
According to the United Nations’ World Water Development Report, 2022′, India extracts more than a quarter of the world’s groundwater withdrawal each year.
Statement-II:
India needs to extract more than a quarter of the world’s groundwater each year to satisfy the drinking water and sanitation needs of almost 18% of world’s population living in its territory.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements? 

(a) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I 

(b) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I

(c) Statement-I is correct but Statement-II is incorrect

(d) Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct

Explanation:

  • The ‘World Water Development Report, 2022’ by the United Nations reveals that India annually extracts over 25% of the global groundwater withdrawal, making statement-I accurate.
  • However, statement-II is incorrect as approximately 89% of this extracted groundwater in India is utilized for irrigation purposes. Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.
Inputs from Current Affairs Notes

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