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Agri-Clinics And Agri-Business Centres Scheme

This topic of “Agri-Clinics And Agri-Business Centres Scheme” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Introduction

  • Welfare scheme by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
  • Launched in 2002
  • Aims at agricultural development

Ministry

  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
  • NABARD acts as a subsidy channelizing agency

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Objectives

  • Supplement public extension efforts
  • Provide extension and other services to farmers
  • Create gainful self-employment opportunities
  • Establish agri-ventures
  • Enhance productivity of crops/animals
  • Increase incomes of farmers
  • Provide training and start-up loans for ventures
  • Cover full financial support for training and handholding
  • Provision of loans and credit-linked back-end composite subsidy
  • Project activities

Benefits

  • Agri-Clinics
    • Provide expert advice and services to farmers
    • Enhance productivity of crops/animals
    • Increase incomes of farmers
    • Provide support in soil health, cropping practices, plant protection, crop insurance, post-harvest technology, clinical services for animals, feed and fodder management, and market prices
  • Agri-Business Centres
    • Commercial units of agri-ventures
    • Established by trained agriculture professionals
    • Include maintenance and custom hiring of farm equipment, sale of inputs, and other services in agriculture and allied areas
    • Provide post-harvest management and market linkages for income generation and entrepreneurship development

Eligibility

  • Age of applicant between 18 and 60 years
  • Qualify as one of the following:
    • Graduates in agriculture and allied subjects
    • Diploma/Post Graduate Diploma holders in Agriculture and allied subjects
    • Biological Science Graduates with Post Graduation in Agriculture & allied subjects
    • Agriculture-related courses at intermediate level with at least 55% marks

Implementation Strategy

  • Extension consultancy services
  • Soil and water quality cum inputs testing laboratories
  • Pest surveillance, diagnostic and control services
  • Maintenance, repairs, and custom hiring of agricultural implements and machinery
  • Micro-propagation through Plant Tissue Culture Labs and Hardening Units
  • Setting up of Vermiculture units, production of bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, and bio-control agents
  • Setting up of Apiaries and honey & bee products’ processing units
  • Provision of livestock health cover, setting up veterinary dispensaries & services including frozen semen banks and liquid nitrogen supply
  • Setting up of Information Technology Kiosks in rural areas for access to various agriculture-related portals
  • Feed Processing and testing units
  • Value Addition Centres
  • Retail marketing outlets for processed agri-products
  • Rural marketing dealerships of farm inputs and outputs

Exclusions

  • Retired employees getting pensionary benefits are not eligible for subsidy. However, they can undergo training and establish self-financed projects.

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