Food & Nutrition Security in India: Issues, Challenges & Government Policies

Reading Time: 10 mins

Food and Nutrition Security Analysis, 2019 – report that was recently published showed the bleak picture of the hunger and malnutrition amongst children in India. Regardless of all measures taken by the Indian government to ensure economic growth, implementation of numerous government schemes to eradicate poverty and malnutrition, undernourishment remains high among the poor in Indian society. If the situation is not addressed soon, the aspiration to achieve SDG-2 may become far more difficult.

UDAN Scheme – Critical Analysis

Reading Time: 4 mins India’s aviation sector is contributing about 30 billion USD to India’s GDP. India is one of the fastest-growing aviation markets in the world. Nearly 90% of the aviation traffic is at the domestic level. This means that UDAN scheme or the Regional Air Connectivity Scheme is an asset to the aviation sector. However, this scheme alone cannot address the growing crisis in the aviation sector. The government must launch a viable policy to support the growth of this sector.

One Nation, One Ration Card Scheme – Pros & Cons

Reading Time: 5 mins

India is a welfare state. This means that it is the duty of the government to ensure the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. One Nation One Ration Card Scheme seeks to provide solutions to the limitations of the previous food security schemes that were domicile-based, that is, the beneficiaries can only avail for the assistance at a fixed Public Distribution System and cannot change this without undertaking prior complex procedures.

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi – The Debate on Cash Vs In-kind Transfers

Reading Time: 3 mins The Interim Budget 2019-20 placed a strong focus on the rural and farm sectors by introducing Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN), guaranteeing direct income support to farmers. This development has renewed the debate on the idea of a Universal Basic Income (UBI).

Universal Basic Income – Is it a Remedy to the issue of Poverty & Inequality?

Reading Time: 5 mins

Sikkim is set to become the first state in India to launch Universal Basic Income (UBI). The idea of universal basic income has gained popularity in the western nations due to the threat of automation-induced job losses. In India, the idea gained ground due to the chronic poverty & inequality and the government’s failure to provide subsidies effectively to poor people. Moreover, the persistent farm distress and poor wage growth across occupations also highlight the need for an income support scheme in India.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana (DAY) – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)

Reading Time: 4 mins While listing out the achievements of the government in social welfare measures, President Ram Nath Kovind recently mentioned that, under the Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana, 6 crore women had become members of self-help groups and the government had provided loans worth over Rs 75,000 crore to such groups.

Saubhagya Scheme – In Pursuit of 100% Electrification

Reading Time: 4 mins The ambitious Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, better known as “Saubhagya” scheme, for universal household electrification is all set to achieve its goal soon with only about 28,000 households left to be electrified all over the country. On the other hand, criticisms have been pouring across the country regarding the scheme’s inability to solve some of the grey areas in the power sector.

UDAY Scheme – Is it still the Saviour of Power Sector?

Reading Time: 5 mins Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) is the financial turnaround and revival package for the electricity distribution companies of India (DISCOMS). It was launched with an aim to find a permanent solution to the financial struggle of the power distribution companies. However, even after 3 years of its implementation, the discoms continue to perform poorly. Therefore, urgent reforms are needed to address this issue and strengthen the power sector in India.