Ethiopia is fast descending into a civil war situation again, after its recent impressive economic and diplomatic performance. The ethnic conflicts at the heart of this situation is threatening to destabilize not only the country but the entire Horn of Africa region- inviting the concern of the international community.
India recently joined the Djibouti Code of Conduct as an Observer, after a high-level meeting held virtually on August 26 this year. This has furthered India’s outreach at the Indian Ocean Region. This opportunity must be utilised, especially amid the current times of crisis to provide various assistances apart from maritime security to the littorals in the Western Indian Ocean Region, which holds global strategic significance.
Since time immemorial, both India and Africa had maintained close ties with each other, both economically and politically. India and the African nations have suffered the common colonial past and are currently striving to become developed nations.
Africa holds enormous potential, for it is rich with natural resources that are both economically and strategically important. The current government has valued the India-Africa ties and is undertaking all measure to improve the historical connections with Africa.
India’s two top dignitaries, President Ram Nath Kovid and Defence Minister Rajnath Sigh have undertaken important visits Africa between July and August this Year. President Ram Nath Kovind had visited Benin, Gambia, and Guinea-Conakry, while the Defence Minister Rajnath Singh visited Mozambique. These visits showcase India’s increasing focus in Africa.
Libya has been torn by violence and political instability since long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi was toppled and killed by rebels in 2011. The crisis was triggered by the Arab Spring protests, a series of anti-government protests, uprisings and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in late 2010.
For months now, Sudanese and Algerian protesters have been taking to public squares demanding the resignation of their long-time presidents which ultimately led to their removal. There is a possibility that these protests could move to other Arab nations as well, similar to the earlier Arab spring which started nearly 9 years ago in Tunisia.
For the past several months, Sudan has been witnessing nationwide protests, resulting in a military intervention which removed Omar al-Bashir (Sudan’s longtime president) from power, thereby ending his brutal 30-year rule. The protests have been praised for using peaceful methods.Since its independence from the British and Egyptian Colonial Rule in 1956, Sudan has seen famines, sectarian violence, and political crisis. The latest coup removing Bashir from the throne is actually the fifth such forcible takeover of the regime in Sudan.