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ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) mind map
Recent News
Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso Withdrawal
Announced immediate withdrawal
Accusations against ECOWAS
Influence of foreign powers
Betraying founding principles
Threat to member states
Failure to support in fighting terrorism
Imposed sanctions criticized
Described as illegal, illegitimate, inhumane
ECOWAS's response
Not notified of decision
Emphasizes negotiation for solution
Military power grabs
Mali in 2020 and 2021
Burkina Faso in 2022
Niger in 2023
Alliance of Sahel States formed
Focus on violent armed groups
Military ties cut with France
Concern over armed groups spreading south
Security concerns
Over 1,800 attacks in six months of 2023
When
Established in 1975
Treaty of Lagos
Revised treaty in 1993
Why
Promote economic integration
Collective self-sufficiency
Raise living standards
Promote economic development
What
ECOWAS Protocols and Plans
Free Movement of Persons
Ecotour Action Plan 2019-2029
Member States
Fifteen countries
Various language groups
Morocco's membership bid
Stalled due to economic concerns
Where
Headquarters
Abuja, Nigeria
Member States
Listed 15 countries
Who
Member States
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Côte d'Ivoire
The Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Leadership
ECOWAS Commission President
Dr Omar Alieu Touray
How
Peacekeeping
ECOMOG operations
Multiple military interventions
Significance
Economic Cooperation
Single common currency goal
Large trading bloc creation
Conflict Resolution
Quelling military conflicts
Regional peacekeeping operation
Challenges
Human Rights Violations
Controversies in missions
Economic Stagnation
Member states not benefitting
Political Instability
Coups and military regimes
Way Forward
Negotiated Solutions
Addressing political impasses
Strengthening Economic Ties
Focus on development and trade

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional political and economic union of fifteen countries in West Africa, established in 1975 to promote economic integration, collective self-sufficiency, and raise living standards. Recently, Niger, Mali, and Burkina Faso announced their immediate withdrawal from ECOWAS, citing its failure to support their fight against terrorism and accusing it of betraying its founding principles. ECOWAS responded by emphasizing the need for negotiated solutions and maintaining its commitment to finding a resolution. The organization has faced challenges such as human rights violations during peacekeeping missions, economic stagnation, and political instability marked by military coups. Despite these challenges, ECOWAS continues to strive towards its goals of economic cooperation, conflict resolution, and creating a single large trading bloc, including efforts towards a single common currency. The organization’s future focus includes addressing political impasses and strengthening economic ties among member states.

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