Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) 2022-23

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) 2022-23 mind map
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI)
Highlights of HCES 2022-23
Conducted by
National Statistical Office
Historical Context
Gap in Survey Release
Last released for 2011-12
No release for 2017-18
Post demonetisation
Post GST implementation
Key Parameters Tracked
Detailed household spending
Across rural and urban areas
Food, education, health
Transportation, others
Consumption Spending Rise
Rural vs Urban
Rural increase
164% from 2011-12 to 2022-23
Rs 1,430 to Rs 3,773 per person/month
Urban increase
146% from 2011-12 to 2022-23
Rs 2,630 to Rs 6,459 per person/month
Rural-Urban Consumption Parity
Improving parity
Bridging consumption divide
Change in Purchase Priority
Boost in Rural Non-Food Spending
Share of non-food products
Increased 47% to 54%
Decrease in food items share
Decreased 53% to 46%
Rise in spending on
Conveyance, consumer services
Durable goods
Top and Bottom
Average MPCE
Bottom 5% rural population
Rs 1,373
Bottom 5% urban population
Rs 2,001
Top 5% rural population
Rs 10,501
Top 5% urban population
Rs 20,824
Lower Poverty Projections
By NITI Aayog CEO B.V.R. Subrahmanyam
Historically lowest levels
4-5% poor population
Economic poverty marker
Monthly income under ₹5000
Upcoming Detailed Report
To review critical economic indicators
GDP, poverty levels
Consumer Price Inflation (CPI)

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) recently released the highlights of the latest nationwide Household Consumption Expenditure Survey (HCES) conducted during 2022-23 by the National Statistical Office. This survey comes after a significant gap since the last release for 2011-12, with the 2017-18 round not being released post demonetisation and GST implementation.

The HCES tracks detailed household spending data across various categories such as food, education, health, and transportation, providing insights into consumption behavioral shifts. The report reveals an increase in rural consumption spending, with rural average monthly consumption per person rising by 164% from 2011-12 to 2022-23, compared to a 146% increase in urban areas. This data marks an improving parity between rural and urban consumption.

A significant change in purchase priorities has been observed, with a boost in rural non-food spending. The share of non-food products in the monthly rural consumption budget expanded from 47% to 54%, while food items share dropped from 53% to 46%. The survey also reports on the economic disparities within rural and urban populations, noting the differences in average Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (MPCE) among the top and bottom percentages of these populations.

NITI Aayog’s CEO, B.V.R. Subrahmanyam, highlighted the survey’s indication of historically low poverty levels, with less than 5% of the population falling below the economic poverty marker of a monthly income under ₹5000.

MoSPI has announced that a detailed report will be released soon, which is expected to play a pivotal role in reviewing critical economic indicators such as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), poverty levels, and the Consumer Price Inflation (CPI).

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