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High-Altitude Pseudo Satellite Vehicle (HAPS)

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellite Vehicle (HAPS) mind map
Recent News
BAE Systems launched PHASA-35
Altitude over 66,000 ft
Mira Aerospace tested ApusDuo
Altitude 16,686 m
Wingspan 15 m
Payload 3.6 kg
When
Development Timeline
2016
UK MOD ordered Zephyr S UAVs
2018
Zephyr S set flight endurance record
2019-2023
Ongoing development and testing
Why
Purpose
Services similar to satellites
Benefits
Rapid deployment
Lower costs
Operational flexibility
What
Capabilities
Telecommunications
Earth Observations
GNSS
Scientific applications
Lower latency than satellites
Technical Features
Operate at altitudes 18-22 km
Stratospheric conditions
Low temperatures
High solar, UV radiation
Low atmospheric pressure
Where
Operating Zone
Stratosphere
Altitudes 59,000-72,000 ft
Who
Key Manufacturers
Airbus
BAE Systems
AeroVironment, Inc.
THALES
Applications
Military
Security
Civil missions
Maritime surveillance
Border patrol
How
Functioning
Advanced battery and solar cell technologies
Autonomous operation
AI for data processing
Significance
Advantages
Cost-effective
Flexible
Suitable for various applications
Disaster management
Surveillance
Communication
Challenges
Limitations
Weather hazards
Technological challenges
Battery efficiency
Need for global regulations
Meteorological data requirements
Way Forward
Future Prospects
Battery technology advancements
Remote sensor miniaturization
Integration into global networks

High-Altitude Pseudo Satellite Vehicles (HAPS) are innovative unmanned aerial systems operating in the stratosphere, providing satellite-like services with added flexibility and lower costs. They hold immense potential for applications in telecommunications, surveillance, environmental monitoring, and disaster management. Despite facing challenges such as weather hazards and technological limitations, ongoing advancements in battery technology and AI integration suggest a promising future for HAPS in enhancing global communication and observation capabilities.

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