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Guru Ghasidas

In recent news, President graced the 10th Convocation of Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya at Bilaspur. This event sheds light on the legacy of Guru Ghasidas, an early 19th-century spiritual leader who played a significant role in promoting values of equality and truth.

This topic of “Guru Ghasidas” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Who Was Guru Ghasidas?

Guru Ghasidas was an influential spiritual leader who emerged during the early 19th century. He was closely associated with the Satnampanth sect, a spiritual movement that emphasized the importance of living a truthful and equal life. Guru Ghasidas devoted his life to advocating for these values and challenging societal norms that propagated inequality and falsehood.

The Ideals and Teachings of Guru Ghasidas

Guru Ghasidas stood out for his commitment to preaching values that were rooted in equality and truth. He propagated the concept of “Satnaam,” which encapsulated the essence of these principles. The term “Satnaam” is often used to refer to the divine truth that Guru Ghasidas upheld as the foundation of his teachings.

Critique of Established Norms

Guru Ghasidas was a vocal critic of prevalent social practices, particularly the caste system and idol worship. He ardently believed that these practices perpetuated inequality and distracted people from the path of truth. Through his teachings, he aimed to dismantle these entrenched beliefs and foster a society where all individuals were treated with fairness and respect.

Creation of the ‘Jai Khamb’

One of the notable contributions of Guru Ghasidas was the creation of the ‘Jai Khamb,’ a white-painted log of wood with a white flag on top. This distinctive symbol held immense significance as it represented the embodiment of truth. The ‘Jai Khamb’ served as a constant reminder of the values Guru Ghasidas championed and the pursuit of truth that he encouraged his followers to undertake.

Guru Ghasidas: Time and Place

Guru Ghasidas’s remarkable journey unfolded in the region of Chhattisgarh. His presence in this region left an indelible impact on the cultural and social fabric of the area.


Guru Ghasidas’s life spanned from 1756 to 1850, a period during which he left an enduring legacy of enlightenment and change. His teachings continue to resonate with people even today, inspiring them to question unjust practices and embrace truthfulness.

Guru Ghasidas National Park: Preserving Nature’s Beauty

In addition to his spiritual contributions, Guru Ghasidas also left his mark on the natural landscape of Chhattisgarh through the establishment of the Guru Ghasidas National Park. This protected area is a testament to his reverence for nature and his desire to conserve the environment for future generations.

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