Global Cooling Pledge: A Climate Game Changer

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Introduction: On December 5, 2023, a groundbreaking initiative was launched at COP28 in Dubai, UAE, sending ripples of hope across the world. The Global Cooling Pledge, organized by COP28 UAE Presidency in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UNEP-led Cool Coalition, signifies a collective effort to combat climate change by tackling cooling-related emissions. This historic event aims to address the critical issue of cooling in the context of climate mitigation and adaptation, with a target year of 2050.

This topic of “Global Cooling Pledge: A Climate Game Changer” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


  • Date and Time: The pledge was launched on December 5, 2023.
  • Location: The event took place at the Al Waha Theatre, Blue Zone, Dubai, UAE.
  • Organized by: COP28 UAE Presidency, UNEP, and the UNEP-led Cool Coalition came together to make this initiative a reality. The event was also livestreamed for global participation.
  • Participating Countries: A total of 63 countries, including prominent nations like the United States, Canada, and Kenya, actively participated in the pledge.


  • First Collective Focus: The Global Cooling Pledge marks the world’s first collective focus on addressing cooling sector emissions.
  • Includes: The initiative targets emissions from air conditioning and refrigeration, especially those used for food and medicine preservation.
  • Aim: The primary goal is to significantly reduce cooling-related emissions to combat climate change.


  • Climate Mitigation and Adaptation: The pledge aims to mitigate climate change by reducing emissions resulting from energy use and refrigerant greenhouse gases. It also seeks to facilitate adaptation by increasing access to cooling in a warming world.


  • This global initiative is spearheaded by the United Arab Emirates (UAE), demonstrating the nation’s commitment to combating climate change on a worldwide scale.


  • The target year for achieving the objectives of the Global Cooling Pledge is 2050, emphasizing the long-term commitment to cooling emissions reduction.


  • Led by: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has taken the lead in championing this pledge.
  • Supported by: The initiative receives support from participants in COP28, highlighting its global significance.


  • Reducing Emissions: The pledge aims to reduce emissions related to cooling by at least 68% by 2050 compared to the 2022 baseline.
  • Addressing High GWP Refrigerants: To achieve this, countries commit to ratifying the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol by 2024. This amendment targets the reduction of harmful hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions and supports the Multilateral Fund for HFC emissions reduction.
  • Increasing Efficiency: The pledge encourages the enhancement of new air-conditioning equipment’s efficiency by 50% by 2030.

Other Aspects

  • Climate Impacts: Cooling is recognized as one of the biggest contributors to global warming. Addressing cooling emissions is pivotal in the fight against climate change.
  • Nature-Based Solutions: The pledge highlights the importance of nature-based solutions as part of sustainable cooling strategies.
  • Super-Efficient Appliances: The initiative encourages the adoption of super-efficient cooling appliances.
  • Food and Vaccine Cold Chains: Preserving food and vaccine cold chains is an essential component of the pledge.
  • District Cooling: District cooling systems are included in the initiative to enhance efficiency and reduce emissions.
  • National Cooling Action Plans: Participants are encouraged to develop and implement National Cooling Action Plans tailored to their specific needs.
  • Potential Impact: By achieving the objectives of the pledge, the world stands to avoid emitting a staggering 78 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent by 2050, making a significant contribution to global climate efforts.

In conclusion, the Global Cooling Pledge represents a monumental step towards combating climate change by addressing cooling-related emissions. With global participation, ambitious targets, and a clear roadmap, this initiative offers hope in the fight against one of the most pressing challenges of our time. It showcases the power of international cooperation in the pursuit of a sustainable and cooler future for all.

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