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Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC)

Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) mind map
Recent News
GM Mustard Case
Supreme Court Involvement
Expressed Displeasure
Not Considering Expert Reports
Status Quo Since November 2022
Started January 9, 2024
Advocate Prashant Bhushan
Highlighted Lack of Human Health Impact Studies
Raised Precautionary Principle
Mentioned Irreversible Consequences
Issues Raised
Conflict of Interest
ICAR Director Dr. Raj Paroda
Herbicide Use Concerns
Impact on Biodiversity
Chaired by
Special Secretary/Additional Secretary
Co-Chaired by
Representative from DBT
24 Experts
From Various Ministries and Institutions
Approval of Activities
Involving Hazardous Microorganisms
Recombinants in Research
Industrial Production
Appraisal of Proposals
Release of Genetically Engineered Organisms
Products into Environment
Including Field Trials
Clearance Mandatory
For Environmental Release of GM Crops
Punitive Action Under Environment Protection Act
GM Mustard Development
In the 1990s
Patented in 2002
By CGMCP, University of Delhi
Approval Process
Technical Reviews
Safety Assessments
Over 10 Years
Rigorous Risk Analysis
Issues Resurfaced
October 18, 2022
Approval by MoEFCC
Challenged in Supreme Court
Moratorium Sought
By Petitioners
On GMOs Release
Cited Previous Reports
Calling for Ban on GMOs
In Centers of Origin or Diversity
Significance of GM crops
Increased Yield
Resistance to Disease
Improved Nutritional Value
Challenges of GM crops
Health and Safety Concerns
Environmental Impact
Biodiversity Risks
Regulatory Compliance Issues
Way Forward
Court's Decision Pending
On GM Mustard Approval
Need for Comprehensive
Biosafety Protocol
Public Transparency

The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) in India, functioning under the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change, is currently in the spotlight due to its involvement in the approval process of genetically modified (GM) mustard. The Supreme Court of India has expressed displeasure over GEAC’s decision to approve GM mustard without considering the reports of a court-appointed Technical Expert Committee on biosafety. Advocates have raised concerns about the lack of studies on the impact of GM crops on human health, potential environmental risks, and issues of regulatory compliance. The approval process has been extensive, with over a decade of technical reviews and safety assessments. However, the Supreme Court’s decision on the matter is pending, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive biosafety protocol and greater public transparency in the approval process of GM crops.

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