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Free Movement Regime

Free Movement Regime mind map
Recent News
Scrapping Plan
Announced January 2, 2024
Along Myanmar Border
Requires Visas for Residents
When
Initiated 1970s
Last Revised 2016
Suspended in Manipur 2020
Why
Security Concerns
Illegal Immigration
Drug Trafficking
Insurgency
Post-Coup Refugee Influx
Over 40,000 in Mizoram
Around 4,000 in Manipur
Local Government Stance
Manipur Chief Minister's Request
What
16 km Travel Without Visa
India-Myanmar Border
Length 1,643 km
States Covered
Arunachal Pradesh
Nagaland
Manipur
Mizoram
Hill Tribes
Border Pass
Two Weeks Stay Per Visit
Where
India-Myanmar Border
Arunachal Pradesh 520 km
Nagaland 215 km
Manipur 398 km
Mizoram 510 km
Who
Residents Near Border
Tribal Communities
Government Bodies
Indian Government
Ministry of Home Affairs
How
Visa Requirement
Border Fencing
Planned for 300 km
Pros
Recognizes Ethnic Ties
Facilitates Cross-Border Access
Cons
Aiding Illegal Activities
Immigration
Drug Trafficking
Ethnic Violence Concerns
Way Forward
Balancing Security and Community Needs
Diplomatic Engagement
With Myanmar
Future Challenges
Securing Borders
Respecting Socio-Economic Realities

The Free Movement Regime (FMR) between India and Myanmar, initiated in the 1970s, allows residents within 16 km of the border to travel up to 16 km into the other country without a visa. This regime, covering the 1,643 km border across Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram, was designed to recognize the close ethnic and familial ties between communities on either side. However, due to security concerns like illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and insurgency, the Indian government announced plans to scrap the FMR in January 2024. The scrapping of FMR is expected to impact the daily lives and cultural connections of the border residents and poses challenges in balancing security needs with the socio-economic realities of these communities.

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