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EU New Pact on Migration and Asylum

EU New Pact on Migration and Asylum mind map
Recent News
Major breakthrough in EU migration management
Agreements reached on five key files
When
Pact implementation starts from 2024
Full effect in two years
Why
Manage migration humanely, dignifiedly
Shift from ad-hoc to long-term solutions
What
New Solidarity Mechanism
Share asylum applications among EU countries
Based on GDP, population, irregular border crossings
Countries unwilling to host can offer financial support
Expedited Border Procedure
For those unlikely to win asylum
Maximum 12-week process
Return within 12 weeks if rejected
Applies to dangerous, uncooperative individuals
Or from countries with low asylum recognition rates
Gathering Accurate Data
Detect unauthorized movements
Improve security in Schengen area
Uniform Identification Rules
For non-EU nationals
Increasing security
Crisis Preparedness
Future crisis situations
Opposition from Rights Groups
Concerns over overcrowded camps
Risk of detaining minors
Focus on keeping people away
Where
Across the European Union
Who
European Commission
Member States of EU
How
Formal adoption by European Parliament and Council
Legislative acts to be adopted
Commission to assist Member States
Significance
Fair, orderly migration management
Long-term, sustainable solutions
Challenges
Rights groups' criticisms
Potential for overcrowded camps
Protracted detention concerns
Way Forward
Implementation of proposals
Adoption of specific legislative acts
Assisting Member States in national legislation

The EU’s New Pact on Migration and Asylum, agreed upon in 2023, marks a significant advancement in the European Union’s approach to managing migration. The pact encompasses several key provisions aimed at establishing a more humane, dignified, and effective system. These include a new solidarity mechanism for sharing asylum applications among EU countries based on various criteria, an expedited border procedure for processing and potentially returning individuals unlikely to win asylum, measures for gathering more accurate data to detect unauthorized movements, the creation of uniform rules for the identification of non-EU nationals to enhance security within the Schengen area, and preparedness for future crisis situations.

Despite these measures, the pact has faced criticism from rights groups concerned about the potential for overcrowded migration camps and the protracted detention of minors. The implementation of the pact, starting from 2024 and expected to take full effect within two years, will involve the formal adoption of these proposals by the European Parliament and Council, followed by the adoption of specific legislative acts. The European Commission will assist member states in implementing the new rules in their national legislation, moving towards long-term and sustainable solutions for migration management in the EU.

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