In a pioneering move, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), the civic body of Bengaluru, has embarked on an ambitious initiative to administer the DHPPI vaccine to stray dogs within the city. This marks the first time that a civic body has undertaken such an effort, with the primary aim of safeguarding stray canines from a range of diseases.
This topic of “DHPPI Vaccine” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.
The BBMP’s DHPPI Vaccine Initiative
Protecting the Vulnerable
The BBMP’s decision to administer the DHPPI vaccine to stray dogs is driven by the noble intention of safeguarding these vulnerable animals from a multitude of diseases. Stray dogs often face health challenges due to their living conditions, and this initiative seeks to address this issue.
The Tender Process
To kickstart this initiative, the BBMP has initiated the tender process for procuring the DHPPI vaccine vials. The entire process is conducted through e-procurement, ensuring transparency and efficiency. This initiative complements the ongoing anti-rabies vaccination program, reinforcing the BBMP’s commitment to animal welfare.
A Comprehensive Administration Plan
Administering the DHPPI vaccine to stray dogs involves a well-thought-out plan. The BBMP intends to catch stray dogs and vaccinate them, ensuring that they receive the necessary protection against diseases. To prevent repetition, a sophisticated approach is considered: geo-tagging on dogs or inserting a microchip after vaccination and sterilization, making it easier to track and manage the vaccination process effectively.
Understanding the DHPPI Vaccine
A Live Attenuated Vaccine
The DHPPI vaccine, in essence, is a live attenuated vaccine designed to immunize dogs against a spectrum of diseases. It stands for:
- D: Canine Distemper Virus
- H: Hepatitis (Caused by Adenoviruses)
- P: Parainfluenza Virus
- P: Parvovirus
Shielding Against 5 Diseases
The DHPPI vaccine serves as a shield against five different diseases that pose a threat to dogs’ health and well-being:
1. Canine Distemper Virus
- Highly Contagious: Canine distemper is a highly contagious virus that primarily affects dogs.
- Symptoms: The virus manifests with symptoms like fever, nasal discharge, coughing, and neurological signs. It often involves multiple organs.
- Transmission: Canine distemper is transmitted through respiratory secretions.
2. Adenoviruses (Hepatitis and Kennel Cough)
- Diseases: Adenoviruses are responsible for diseases such as hepatitis and kennel cough.
- Kennel Cough: Kennel cough is a contagious respiratory disease caused by multiple pathogens, including bacteria and viruses. It leads to symptoms like a dry, persistent cough and nasal discharge.
3. Parainfluenza Virus
- Highly Contagious: Parainfluenza is another highly contagious respiratory disease in dogs.
- Cause: It is caused by a virus.
- Symptoms: Dogs infected with parainfluenza display symptoms like coughing, sneezing, and nasal discharge. While it’s usually mild, it can be severe in puppies or dogs with weakened immune systems.
- Highly Contagious: Parvovirus is a highly contagious gastrointestinal disease.
- Symptoms: It leads to severe vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, and loss of appetite. Without prompt treatment, it can be deadly.
Administration Typically for Pet Dogs
It’s important to note that the administration of the DHPPI vaccine is typically targeted towards pet dogs. However, the BBMP’s initiative to extend this vaccination to stray dogs in Bengaluru underscores the significance of protecting all canines, regardless of their living conditions.