Constitution Bench Verdict Binding On Lesser Benches: SC

The Supreme Court of India has reinforced the rule that decisions made by its Constitution benches must be followed by smaller benches, highlighting this through a case related to land-holding rights in Haryana under the Haryana Village Common Lands (Regulation) Act, 1961. The April 2022 verdict, which misinterpreted the role of panchayats in land ownership, was reviewed and corrected to align with a 1966 Constitution bench precedent. This ensures legal consistency, upholds the integrity of the judicial system, and emphasizes the importance of judicial review in maintaining fairness and justice.

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