The department of animal husbandry and dairying released the 20th livestock census in October 2019.
What is livestock-
Domestication of animals raised in an agricultural setting to gain labour and products such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, etc.
Livestock rearing, Dairying, Fisheries activities, along with agriculture, are an integral part of human life since the start of civilization. These activities have helped to improve the food basket and to gain draught animal power. As a result of conducive climate and topography, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Sectors have played a prominent socio-economic role in India.
They play a significant role in generating employment in the rural sector, mainly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, apart from providing cheap and nutritious food to millions. They act as the ‘‘bank on hooves’’.
Recently, Jammu and Kashmir Rural Livelihoods Mission (JKRLM), ‘UMEED’, through its Self Help Group (SHG) platform has initiated a first of its kind all-women dairy Farmers Producer Organization (FPO) at Mitrigam in Pulwama district. The initiative is quite a milestone as it is the first of its kind of being an FPO with all its members as women. Nowadays, farmer producer organisations are quite famous among farmers as these are playing a crucial role by helping their members achieve better produce prices and creating employment. The Government of India through its various initiatives has been trying to promote such organisations for quite some time. As the trends suggest, they have a larger role to play in the coming time.
The Union Cabinet has approved the Agriculture Export Policy in December 2018. The policy would support the government in reaching the target of doubling farmers income by 2022. The aim of the policy is to utilize the export potential of Indian agriculture, by means of appropriate policy instruments and make India a global power in agriculture and raise farmers income.