93% DPT3 immunisation coverage in 2022: WHO

93% DPT3 immunisation coverage in 2022: WHO upsc notes
Source: TH
According to World Health Organization (WHO)
India’s coverage rate
For the DPT3 vaccine
Diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
Reached an all-time high
Of 93% in 2022
Surpassed the pre-pandemic best
Of 91% in 2019
Showed a significant increase
From 85% recorded in 2021
In the WHO South-East Asia Region
The DPT3 coverage rate
Recovered to pre-pandemic levels
At 91% in 2022
Up from 82% in 2021
Key Findings
The region witnessed improvements
In the coverage of the measles vaccine
Which rose to 92% in 2022
From 86% in 2021
The number of zero-dose children
Halved to 2.3 million in 2022
From 4.6 million in 2021
Number of partially vaccinated children
Decreased to 650,000 in 2022
From 1.3 million in 2021
India and Indonesia
Credited for the region’s strong immunization recoveries
They made significant efforts
To improve vaccination rates
The report highlighted the importance
Of closing gaps in immunization coverage
At the subnational level
To prevent outbreaks
Of vaccine-preventable diseases
About DTP
DTP vaccine
Can prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis
Diphtheria and pertussis
Spread from person to person
Enters the body through cuts or wounds
Can lead to difficulty breathing
Heart failure, paralysis, or death
Causes painful stiffening of the muscles
Tetanus can lead to serious health problems
Including being unable to open the mouth
Having trouble swallowing and breathing
Or death
Also known as “whooping cough”
Can cause uncontrollable, violent coughing
That makes it hard to breathe, eat, or drink
Pertussis can be extremely serious
Especially in babies and young children
Causes pneumonia, convulsions, brain damage, or death
In teens and adults
Can cause weight loss
Loss of bladder control
Passing out, and rib fractures
From severe coughing

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