Carbon Neutrality – Need, India’s Position and Way Forward

Carbon neutrality has been in the news for a few months now. There is a considerable discussion on how the world takes efforts to achieve this goal. At the same time, there has been considerable focus on India’s future commitments and plans regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and when the country would achieve carbon neutrality or net-zero emissions as well. With the major powers like the USA, the EU and China announcing dates to achieve carbon neutrality, all the eyes are on India what decision it takes given its developmental and climate change mitigation objectives.

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Groundwater Depletion in India – Causes, Implications and Way Forward

According to new research recently carried out, millions of drinking wells around the world may soon be at risk of running dry. It further pointed out that as much as 20% of the world’s groundwater wells may be facing imminent failure, potentially depriving billions of people of freshwater. The research points out a dismal situation across the globe in the coming years. Groundwater depletion has been a concern for the past few decades. India is also not left behind. Many parts of India face acute water shortage at particular periods every year. Depleting groundwater levels have severe implications spanning from water scarcity to a gradual decline in agricultural production. Thus, the issue needs to be addressed with prompt actions to prevent India and the entire world from groundwater depletion which has grave consequences for human civilization.

Dark Net – Uses, Threats and Way Forward

At a time when the COVID-19 pandemic is wreaking havoc, some Israel-based researchers have found that an online market of fake vaccine and test certificates with over 1,200 vendors in the UK and worldwide is running on the dark web and instant messaging platforms. The researchers noted that at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020, darknet produced the masks, the protective equipment, and later drugs were also on sale. Similarly, as drug procurement and sale has become difficult during the pandemic, many smugglers are taking help from the dark web. The Mumbai police and NCB recently noticed that the dark web has turned out to be one of the prime methods for ordering and supplying drugs. This brings to notice, the issue of the dark web, how is it misused and how its misuse can be managed?

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[Strategy] Most important topic areas for UPSC prelims 2021 (with mindmap notes!)

In order to clear UPSC prelims, you need to first focus on the most probable topics in each subject and cover them comprehensively. But there is a problem of scattered resources and lack of time to make notes and organize everything yourself. So we have listed links to our notes on the most probable topics. As these notes are in mindmap format, you can read/revise them very quickly.

If you have already completed the syllabus, you can also read these notes for the eleventh-hour revision. Some of these notes cannot easily be found across the internet or in one place.

Rare Diseases in India and Policy

The Government of India has recently notified the National Health Policy for Rare Diseases allocating Rs 4 crore to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) while approving an estimated Rs 25 crore for the year 2021-22 exclusively dedicated to rare diseases. Rare diseases cumulatively affect around 350 million people worldwide of which 70 million people are from India. There has always been concern regarding India’s policy towards rare diseases and its lack of commitment towards finding a solution to this problem which can be seen through the meagre budgetary allocations for the health sector, especially for rare diseases. The absence of a public policy for the research and development of Orphan drugs adds to the problem. The new policy may come as a relief to those who need it yet India has a long way to go concerning its efforts and policies towards dealing with this issue.

Jayaprakash Narayan (1902-1979): Important Personalities of Modern India

Why this topic is important for prelims?

Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, “Unto this Last” and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi?(2011)

(a.) Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated man

(b.) The good of individual is contained in the good of all

(c.) The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life

(d.) All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context

Solution (b)

With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well-known for: (2011)

(a.) Running the secret Congress Radio in the wake of Quit India Movement

(b.) Participating in the Second Round Table Conference

(c.) Leading a contingent of Indian National Army

(d.) Assisting in the formation of Interim Government under Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Solution (a)

What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda?(2011)

  1. The Administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought.
  2. The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (a)

Consider the following statements :(2012)

The most effective contribution made by DadabhaiNaoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that he

  1. exposed the economic exploitation of India by the British
  2. interpreted the ancient Indian texts and restored the self-confidence of Indians
  3. stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (a)

Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?(2012)

  1. The Peasants and Workers Party of India
  2. All India Scheduled Castes Federation
  3. The Independent Labour Party

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because: (2012)

(a) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations

(b) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion

(c) Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award

(d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

Solution (c)

Annie Besant was: (2013)

  1. responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement
  2. the founder of the Theo-sophical Society
  3. once the President of the Indian National Congress

Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (c)

Consider the following pairs : (2019)
Movement: Organization Leader
1.All India Anti-Untouchability League: Mahatma Gandhi
2. All India Kisan Sabha: Swami Sahajanad Saraswati
3.Self Respect Movement: E.V. Ramaswami Naicker
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3

With reference to the British colonial rule in India, consider the following statements : (2019)
1. Mahatma Gandhi was instrumental in the abolition of the system of ‘indentured labour’.
2. In Lord Chelmsford’s War Conference’, Mahatma Gandhi did not support the resolution on recruiting Indians for World War.
3. Consequent upon the breaking of Salt Law by Indian people, the Indian National Congress was declared illegal by the colonial rulers.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

With reference to Indian National Movement, consider the following pairs : (2019)
Persons: Position head
1. Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru : President, All India Liberal Federation
2. K.C. Neogy : Member, The Constituent Assembly
3. P.C. Joshi : General Secretary, Communist Party of India
Which of the pairs given above is/ are correctly matched?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

In the context of Indian history, the Rakhmabai case of 1884 revolved around: (2020)

  1. women’s right to gain the education
  2. age of consent
  3. restitution of conjugal rights

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

[a) 1 and 2 only

[b) 2 and 3 only

[c) 1 and 3 only

[d) 1, 2 and 3

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About this initiative
  • As you’ve seen above, this topic is really important for the UPSC prelims exam.
  • However, you cannot find any compilation of such personalities on the internet with adequate points for prelims and for quick reading/revision before the exam.
  • So we have come up with this initiative where we’ll post mindmaps of such personalities with more focus on key points that are important for prelims.
  • I hope it helps boost your marks in the prelims exam. All the best!!!
  • You can provide your feedback in the comment section.

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Explore all personalities

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Inflation – Meaning, Pandemic’s Role and Way Forward

In the pandemic era, when a lot of attention is being paid to the GDP growth of countries, inflation has been turning into a looming threat. India’s inflation rate has consistently remained above the ideal 4% with its WPI reaching a reaching an 8 year high in March. The implications of the rising prices on a population that is suffering job losses and loss of social security and on an economy that is struggling to keep its head above water has raised concerns.

One Nation One Ombudsman – Objectives and Benefits

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in a recent move has announced that it will be integrating consumer grievances redressal under a single ombudsman as against three schemes working at present. The move comes at a time when there is an increase in digital transactions and the consumers have to face a lot of problems while getting their complaints redressed. The move is a step forward in the direction of customer empowerment and is an initiative towards providing speedy and inexpensive redressal to millions of users of India’s banking and non-banking infrastructure.

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