UNODC Global Study on Homicide Report 2023

UNODC Global Study on Homicide Report 2023 mind map
Recent News
Released on December 8, 2023
Vienna, Austria
Data from 2019 to 2021
Comprehensive examination of homicide trends
Analysis of homicide dynamics
What/Full Provisions
Average of 52 victims per hour globally in 2021
Homicide vs Conflict/Terrorism
440,000 annual average deaths from homicide (2019-2021)
458,000 deaths in 2021
Homicides double the burden of conflict deaths
Organized Crime
22% of global intentional homicides
50% in the Americas
Linked to increased violence
Regional Homicide Rates
Americas: highest rate (15 per 100,000)
Africa: highest absolute number (176,000)
Asia, Europe, Oceania: below global average
Gender and Homicide
Men: 81% victims, 90% suspects
Women: higher risk at home
Children: 15% of victims (71,600 in 2021)
Targeted Groups
Human rights defenders, journalists, etc.
9% of global homicides
Future Predictions
Demographic, economic, technological, climatic impacts
Africa: most vulnerable region
Indian Context
Land/Water Disputes
16.8% of murders (2019-2021)
300 murders linked to water (2019-2021)
Water disputes as interpersonal homicide driver
Exacerbated by population growth, economic expansion, climate change
International impact of resource scarcity
Other Motives in India
Honor killings, love affairs, personal vendettas, etc.
2021: Exceptionally lethal year
NCRB Report 2020
232 deaths in water conflicts (2017-2019)
Doubling of water-related crimes (2018 vs 2017)
Global scope
Special focus on India
UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
Ghada Waly, Executive Director
Analysis of intentional homicide trends
Examination of complex dynamics
Study of regional/subregional trends
Inform evidence-based preventive policies
Address root causes of violence
Cons and/or Challenges
Rising violence in land/water disputes
Increase in homicides despite stable global counts
Way Forward
Mitigation strategies for resource conflicts

The UNODC’s Global Study on Homicide Report 2023 provides a comprehensive analysis of global homicide trends, highlighting the prevalence and patterns of intentional homicides. The report, released in December 2023, shows an average of 52 homicide victims per hour worldwide in 2021, with homicide accounting for more deaths than armed conflict and terrorism combined. It emphasizes the significant role of organized crime in these homicides, particularly in the Americas, and the varied homicide rates across regions, with the Americas and Africa having the highest rates. The study also sheds light on gender disparities in homicide victims and perpetrators, the risks faced by certain groups like human rights defenders, and the future impact of demographic and environmental changes on homicide rates. Significantly, the report includes a special focus on India, noting the rise in homicides related to land and water disputes, exacerbated by factors like population growth and climate change. The study aims to inform evidence-based preventive policies and address the root causes of violence.

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