Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children

The recent launch of the “Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children” signifies a significant step in addressing malnutrition among children in India. This standardized national protocol provides detailed guidance for the identification and management of malnourished children, particularly at the Anganwadi level.

This topic of “Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


Standardized National Protocol

The “Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children” serves as a standardized national guideline that outlines the specific steps for:

  • Identification: Accurately identifying malnourished children, including those suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).
  • Management: Offering comprehensive management strategies to address malnutrition effectively, with a focus on intervention at the Anganwadi level.


Ministry’s Statement

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has emphasized that the identification and treatment of malnourished children are integral components of “Mission Poshan 2.0.” This indicates a shift from previous approaches, particularly in the treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM), which primarily relied on facility-based approaches.


Detailed Procedure

The “Protocol for Management of Malnutrition in Children” provides a comprehensive and detailed procedure for various aspects of malnutrition management, including:

  • Identification of Malnourished Children: Clear guidelines for identifying malnourished children, ensuring accurate and timely assessment.
  • Management at Anganwadi Level: Detailed strategies and interventions for addressing malnutrition at the Anganwadi centers, which are critical in reaching children at the grassroots level.
  • Decision-Making: Guidelines for making crucial decisions regarding the referral of severely malnourished children, nutritional management, and follow-up care.



This essential protocol has been developed collaboratively by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, in consultation with inputs from the Health Ministry. The involvement of these key government departments underscores the seriousness and commitment to combatting child malnutrition in India.

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