In a recent development, the Turkish government condemned the Naxal attack in Chhattisgarh in which 22 Indian security personnel were killed. While this is not the first time that Turkey has shown solidarity with India concerning domestic issues, it is interesting to note such a reaction from Turkey at a time when the relationship between both countries is not on good terms. For the last few years, the relationship between these nations has been turning sour on various grounds and both are trying to revitalise the relationship as Turkey has a major role to play in the Afghan peace process which has ramifications for India as well.
United Nations Security Council is argued to be not in par with the current geopolitical scenario. Since its establishment in 1945, there has been little to no change in its structure.
Many countries including India are bidding for permanent membership in this organisation. This allows them to carry out their national interests, boost their political power in the global arena and create a balance of power in the multipolar world.
However, there has been little progress in this regard due to the rigid stance taken by the 5 permanent members who are unwilling to reduce their power status and also power rivalry amongst nations.
Recently Pakistan has reaffirmed the strength of its relations with Saudi Arabia after a diplomatic spat sparked by apparent inaction by the Gulf kingdom on the issue of Kashmir and also threatened to derail what has been one of the South Asian country’s strongest alliances in the region. The long-time allies seem like drifting apart, with Saudi who prefers to build ties with India instead of criticizing it over Kashmir.
To India, the Persian Gulf plays a vital role in its economy as it supplies nearly two-thirds of India’s total oil import. The bilateral trade with the nations present in this region is also flourishing in recent years. Over the years, millions of Indians have also migrated to the Persian Gulf region in search of jobs and they account for a sizable share in the total remittance received from abroad. Indian External Affairs Ministry refers to this region as West Asia and not as the Middle East which is a more popular attribution in Western countries. India’s policy in West Asia has, in recent times, have become highly cordial despite the numerous differences between various nations within this region. This is because of India’s neutral and flexible approach while interacting with these nations. However, it still faces challenges due to the external influences from major powers like the US. India’s Look West Policy has been enhanced to deal with this complicated issue. This policy has enabled India to maintain strategic autonomy while also pursuing its economic interests.
India-UAE relationship can be seen as a bond built for the ages. Starting the diplomatic relations in 1972, both the countries enjoy strong bonds of friendship based on age-old cultural, religious and economic ties between the two nations. Recently, India held a joint commission meeting with UAE on trade, discussed regional, international developments. The Indian side invited further investments from the UAE in key sectors of the Indian economy, such as infrastructure, including logistics, food parks, highways, ports, airports, renewable energy and defence. Moreover, India has welcomed full normalization of ties between the UAE and Israel through the Abraham Accord last month.