Chhatrapati Shivaji

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350th Coronation anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji.


  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a renowned Maratha warrior king.
  • He founded the Maratha Kingdom and played a crucial role in establishing Maratha rule in Maharashtra.


  • He was born on February 19, 1630, in the Shivneri Fort in Maharashtra, India.
  • His coronation took place on June 6, 1674, at Raigad fort.


  • He expanded his Navy and built sea forts, establishing himself as the Father of the Indian Navy. The new ensign of the Indian Navy bears the seal of this Maratha king.
  • He was known for his guerrilla warfare tactics and his ability to strategize and defend against the Mughals.
  • He is known for his administrative skills and the establishment of forts along the coastline of Maharashtra to protect the region.
  • He played a vital role in protecting the state and its people from invaders, instilling a sense of self-rule, and ending the mindset of slavery.
  • He had a strong stance against violence, harassment, and dishonor towards women, and ensured severe punishment for violators.
  • He was considered a secular ruler, accommodating all religions, and supporting those who converted to Hinduism.
  • Shivaji Maharaj’s legacy is celebrated on Shiv Jayanti.


Consider the following statements:

  1. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s coronation took place in 1664. copyright©
  2. Shivaji Maharaj is known as the Father of the Indian Navy.
  3. Shivaji Maharaj’s legacy is celebrated on Shiv Jayanti.
    How many of the above statements are correct?
    (a) Only one
    (b) Only two
    (c) All three
    (d) None

Answer: (b) Only two

Explanation: Statement 1 is incorrect. The coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj did not take place in 1974. Statements 2 and 3 are correct as per the provided information: Shivaji Maharaj is indeed recognized as the Father of the Indian Navy and his legacy is celebrated on Shiv Jayanti.


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