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NCRB Data on Farmer Suicides in India

mind map

Key points from the mind map:

  • Statistical Trends: The NCRB data for 2022 shows a 3.7% increase in farmer suicides compared to 2021, with a total of 11,290 reported cases.
  • Demographic Details: More agricultural laborers (53%) committed suicide compared to farmers/cultivators. The majority of suicides were by males.
  • Regional Variations: Maharashtra had the highest number of suicides, with significant increases in Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
  • Contributing Factors: Drought, untimely rainfall, and climate change-related disasters are major contributing factors, along with economic challenges like stagnant incomes and increasing dependency on wages.
  • Discrepancies in Reporting: Field data, especially from Punjab, suggests severe undercounting in NCRB’s data, with significant methodological concerns.
  • Potential Solutions: The role of social protection programs like MGNREGS in mitigating climate vulnerability and providing support to the agricultural sector is emphasized.

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