Multi-member Election Commission

Multi-member Election Commission mind map
Multi-member Commission since
16 October 1989
Prompted by
Supreme Court observations
Controversial decisions
Serious confrontation
Between the Commission
And the Government
Constitution of India
Article 324
Superintendence, direction, control
Of elections to
Parliament, State Legislatures
Office of President
Office of Vice-President
Article 326
Adult suffrage basis
Article 327
Parliament power
Federal and State Legislatures elections
Article 328
State Legislature power
Elections laws
Article 329
Bars court interference
Electoral matters
Representation of People Act
Election Commissioner Amendment Act, 1989
Established multi-member body
All-India body
Secretariat in New Delhi
Chief Election Commissioner
Election Commissioners
Appointed by President
Fixed tenure
Six years or until age 65
Assisted by
Deputy Election Commissioners
Chief Electoral Officer at state level
Decisions made by majority vote
Administers elections
Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha
State Legislative Assemblies, Councils
President and Vice-President offices
Ensures free and fair elections
Independency safeguarded by Constitution
Qualifications of commissioners not prescribed
Administrative expenses not charged on Consolidated Fund of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body established in 1950, responsible for conducting and regulating elections throughout India. A significant change occurred in 1989 when the Election Commissioner Amendment Act was adopted, transforming the ECI into a multi-member commission to ensure more democratic decision-making and mitigate controversies and confrontations with the government. The commission operates under the authority of the Constitution, particularly Article 324, and the Representation of the People Act, to administer elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, state legislatures, and the offices of the President and Vice-President. It is served by a secretariat in New Delhi, with commissioners appointed by the President having a fixed tenure. While the commission plays a crucial role in maintaining electoral integrity, challenges such as the lack of prescribed qualifications for commissioners and the non-charge of administrative expenses on the Consolidated Fund of India have been identified​​​​​​​​.

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