Due to the strategic location of Sri Lanka, many major powers have raced to claim their own interests in the nation. Currently, China is making use of Sri Lanka as a part of its BRI and string of pearls strategy. India too sees the significance of bilateral ties with the island nation. India and Sri Lanka’s bilateral ties are thousands of years of old, characterised by common culture, tradition and history. India, to counter China and create a balance of power in the region, must ensure close diplomatic ties with smaller neighbours like Sri Lanka.