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With reference to India, consider the following statements:

  1. Government law officers and legal firms are recognized as advocates, but corporate lawyers and patent attorneys are excluded from recognition as advocates.
  2. Bar Councils have the power to lay down the rules relating to legal education and recognition of law colleges.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

In reference to India, let’s analyze the given statements:

Statement 1: Government law officers and legal firms are recognized as advocates, but corporate lawyers and patent attorneys are excluded from recognition as advocates.

This statement is partially correct. Government law officers, such as the Attorney General and the Solicitor General, are recognized as advocates under the Advocates Act, 1961. However, legal firms are not recognized as advocates. Corporate lawyers and patent attorneys are also not recognized as advocates, as the Advocates Act, 1961 only permits individuals to be enrolled as advocates and practice law in India.

Statement 2: Bar Councils have the power to lay down the rules relating to legal education and recognition of law colleges.

This statement is correct. The Bar Council of India (BCI) and State Bar Councils have the power to self-regulate the profession and lay down rules relating to admission and enrollment, conditions of practice, and legal education. The BCI visits and inspects universities and law colleges as part of its statutory function of promoting legal education and laying down standards in consultation with the universities in India and the State Bar Councils.

Based on the analysis, the correct answer is:

2. 2 only

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