What is Integrated Farming System? How is it helpful to small and marginal farmers in India? (250 words) [2022]

Integrated farming system is a type of agriculture that aims to create a balanced and sustainable ecosystem by combining different types of farming practices, such as crop production, animal husbandry, and forestry. The main goal of integrated farming is to optimize the use of resources, reduce the need for external inputs, and increase the overall productivity and profitability of the farm.

In India, small and marginal farmers often face numerous challenges, such as limited access to resources, credit, and markets, as well as a lack of knowledge and skills in modern farming techniques. Integrated farming can be a useful approach for these farmers, as it allows them to diversify their activities and income sources, and make the most of the resources available to them.

For example, a small farmer practicing integrated farming might grow a variety of crops, such as cereals, vegetables, and fruits, as well as raise livestock and poultry. The farmer might also engage in activities such as beekeeping, aquaculture, and forestry, depending on the resources available on the farm. By diversifying their activities, small and marginal farmers can reduce their risk of crop failure and market fluctuations, and increase their overall income.

Integrated farming can also be environmentally friendly, as it reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and promotes the use of natural resources and local inputs. This can be especially beneficial for small and marginal farmers, who may not have the resources to purchase expensive inputs.

Overall, integrated farming can be a useful approach for small and marginal farmers in India, as it allows them to optimize the use of their resources, diversify their activities and income sources, and reduce their risk of crop failure and market fluctuations.

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