What are the salient features of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan launched by the Government of India for water conservation and water security? (150 words)

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a campaign launched by the Government of India in 2019 for water conservation and water security in the country. The campaign is implemented through a collaborative effort of various ministries of the government and state governments, and it focuses on water-stressed districts and blocks. Some of the key features of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan include:

  • The campaign promotes the use of various techniques for conserving and harvesting water, such as the construction of storage tanks and the use of rooftop rainwater harvesting systems.
  • The campaign involves the renovation of traditional and other water bodies, such as tanks and reservoirs, in order to improve their efficiency and capacity.
  • The campaign encourages the reuse of water and the recharging of structures, such as aquifers and wells, in order to improve the availability of water.
  • The campaign involves the development of watersheds, which are areas of land that drain water into a common body, in order to improve the management of water resources.
  • The campaign promotes the planting of trees in order to increase the amount of water available through evapotranspiration.
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