Indian Philosophy and tradition played a significant role in conceiving and shaping the monuments and their art in India. Discuss. (250 words) [2020]

Indian philosophy and tradition have played a significant role in the conception and shaping of the monuments and their art in India for a number of reasons:

  1. Hinduism: Hinduism, the dominant religion in India, has a rich tradition of temple building and sculpture, which can be seen in the many Hindu temples and monuments throughout the country. Hindu deities are often depicted in art and sculpture, and the architecture of Hindu temples follows strict rules and guidelines set out in ancient scriptures.
  2. Buddhism: Buddhism, which originated in India, has also left a lasting impact on the country’s monuments and art. The many Buddhist stupas and monasteries found in India, such as the Ajanta Caves and the Sanchi Stupa, reflect the principles and beliefs of Buddhism, such as the importance of spiritual enlightenment and the cycle of reincarnation.
  3. Jainism: Jainism, another Indian religion, has also influenced the country’s monuments and art. The Jain temples and sculptures often depict the Jain tirthankaras, or enlightened beings, and follow Jain principles of non-violence and respect for all living beings.
  4. Other Indian philosophies: In addition to the major Indian religions, other Indian philosophies such as Vedanta and Yoga have also influenced the country’s monuments and art. These philosophies place a strong emphasis on self-realization and spiritual growth, and are often depicted in Indian art and sculpture.

Overall, it is clear that Indian philosophy and tradition have had a profound impact on the conception and shaping of the monuments and art in India. From the ancient Hindu temples to the Buddhist stupas and Jain temples, these cultural and religious influences can be seen in the architecture, sculpture, and other artistic elements of India’s many beautiful and iconic monuments.

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