“The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of a China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (150 words) [2021]

The USA and China are currently the two largest global superpowers, with both countries having significant economic, military, and political influence on the world stage.

  1. China has experienced rapid economic growth in recent decades and is now considered a major rival to the USA in terms of economic power.
  2. The two countries have engaged in a trade war in recent years, with both sides imposing tariffs on imports from the other country.
  3. China is also viewed as a strategic rival to the USA in terms of military power. China has been increasing its military capabilities, including modernizing its armed forces and expanding its naval presence in the Pacific region.
  4. China’s Belt and Road Initiative, a massive infrastructure project spanning multiple countries, has also been viewed as a potential challenge to the USA’s global influence.
  5. In addition to economic and military competition, there are also significant political differences between the USA and China, including on issues such as human rights, democratic governance, and regional territorial disputes.

Hence, the combination of economic, military, and political factors make China a more challenging rival to the USA compared to the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Mind map notes for UPSC
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