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The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region. (150 words)

Insurgency in the north-eastern region of India has persisted for a long time due to a combination of factors. The major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region are:

Ethnic Diversity and Territorial Claims

  • Home to a significant number of India’s tribal groups
  • Conflicting territorial claims among ethnic groups

Geopolitical Factors

  • Proximity to international borders (China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar)
  • External support from countries like China and Pakistan

Historical and Political Factors

  • Sense of isolation and neglect from the central government
  • Poor governance and lack of development

Socioeconomic Factors

  • High unemployment rates among the youth
  • Influx of refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)

Cross-border Smuggling and Criminal Activities

  • Easy availability of weapons
  • Insurgency as an industry for easy money

Despite these challenges, there has been a decline in insurgency-related incidents in recent years. To ensure lasting peace and stability in the region, it is crucial to address the underlying issues, promote inclusive development, and strengthen political stability.

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