India has immense potential of solar energy though there are regional variations in its developments. Elaborate. (250 words) [2020]

India has significant potential for the development of solar energy due to its high levels of solar radiation and large land area. Some of the key factors that contribute to the potential for solar energy development in India include:

  1. High levels of solar radiation: India receives high levels of solar radiation throughout the year, particularly in the northern and western regions of the country. This makes it an ideal location for solar energy development.
  2. Large land area: India is a large country with a vast land area, which provides ample space for the development of solar energy projects.
  3. Government support: The Indian government has implemented a number of policies and incentives to promote the development of solar energy, including the National Solar Mission, which aims to increase the share of solar energy in the country’s energy mix.
  4. Falling costs: The costs of solar energy technology have fallen significantly in recent years, which has made it more economically viable in India.

However, there are also regional variations in the development of solar energy in India. Some regions, such as the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, have higher levels of solar radiation and a more favorable policy environment, which has made them particularly attractive for solar energy development. Other regions, such as the eastern and north-eastern states, have lower levels of solar radiation and less favorable policy environments, which has hindered the development of solar energy in these areas.

Overall, India has significant potential for the development of solar energy, but there are regional variations in the extent to which this potential is being realized.

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