Examine the linkages between 19th centuries ‘Indian Renaissance’ and the emergence of national identity. (150 words)

The 19th century in India is commonly referred to as the “Indian Renaissance” due to the many social, cultural, and political changes that occurred during this period. The emergence of a national identity was one of the most significant changes to take place during this time.

Linkages between Indian Renaissance and national identity:

  • The Indian Renaissance saw the rise of several Indian leaders who sought to challenge British colonialism and promote a sense of Indian nationalism. These leaders, such as Raja Rammohan Roy, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and Swami Vivekananda, worked to promote Indian culture, education, and language, and their ideas helped to shape the national identity of India.
  • Indian Renaissance also saw the rise of Indian press and media, which played a major role in the emergence of national identity. Indian newspapers and journals, such as the Bengal Gazette and the Hindoo Patriot, helped to spread ideas of nationalism and to build a sense of community among Indians.
  • Indian Renaissance also saw the rise of Indian literature, which helped to promote a sense of Indian identity. Indian poets and writers, such as Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and Sarojini Naidu, wrote works that celebrated Indian culture and history, and helped to foster a sense of national pride among Indians.
Mind map notes for UPSC
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