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Consider the following statements in respect of probiotics:

  1. Probiotics are made of both bacteria and yeast.
  2. The organisms in probiotics are found in foods we ingest but they do not “naturally occur in our gut.
  3. Probiotics help in the digestion of milk sugars.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 2 and 3

Explanation

Based on the given statements about probiotics, the correct option is (c) 1 and 3. Here’s a detailed explanation for each statement:

  1. Probiotics are made of both bacteria and yeast.
    • True. Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts. They consist mainly of bacteria and yeasts. The most common bacteria used in probiotic products belong to the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium groups, while Saccharomyces boulardii is a well-known probiotic yeast.
  2. The organisms in probiotics are found in foods we ingest but they do not “naturally occur in our gut.
    • False. Many of the microorganisms in probiotic products are the same as or similar to microorganisms that naturally live in our bodies. Probiotics can be found in fermented foods, added to other food products, and available as dietary supplements.
  3. Probiotics help in the digestion of milk sugars.
    • True. Probiotics, particularly specific strains of Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and Streptococcus thermophilus, are known to help with lactose digestion. They can alleviate lactose intolerance symptoms by producing lactase, the enzyme required to break down lactose.

Learn more

  • Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts.
  • They are found in fermented foods, added to other food products, and available as dietary supplements.
  • Probiotics consist mainly of bacteria and yeasts, with the most common bacteria belonging to the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium groups, and Saccharomyces boulardii being a well-known probiotic yeast.
  • Many of the microorganisms in probiotic products are the same as or similar to microorganisms that naturally live in our bodies.
  • Probiotics can help with lactose digestion, alleviate lactose intolerance symptoms, and improve overall gut health.
  • Some common probiotic food sources include yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, miso, tempeh, and sourdough bread.

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