Consider the following pairs:

Site     :    Well known for
1. Besnagar : Shaivite cave shrine
2. Bhaja : Buddhist cave shrine
3. Sittanavasal  : Jain cave shrine
How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?
(a) Only one
(b) Only two
(c) All three
(d) None

The correct answer is (c).

  • Besnagar was probably an important ancient temples and pilgrimage site. Two major archaeological excavations in the 20th-century have revealed the pillar to be a part of an ancient Vasudeva temple site.
  • Bhaja is a village in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India. It is known for the Bhaja Caves, a group of 22 rock-cut caves dating from the 2nd century BCE to the 2nd century CE. The caves are a Buddhist shrine.
  • Sittanavasal is a village in the Pudukkottai district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is known for the Sittanavasal Caves, a group of 11 rock-cut caves dating from the 2nd century BCE to the 8th century CE. The caves are a Jain shrine.
  • Therefore, all three pairs are correctly matched.
Inputs from IAS EXPRESS's Ancient India Mindmap notes

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