India’s cities, including smart cities like Hyderabad and Pune, witnessed flooding causing damage to property, infrastructure, and loss of life.
- Inadequate drainage and sewerage systems: Many urban areas lack proper drainage facilities, exacerbating flooding during heavy rainfall.
- Climate change impacts: More extreme weather events, including erratic monsoon patterns, caused by climate change lead to more frequent droughts and flooding in India.
- Encroachments on water bodies: Illegal encroachments and construction on natural watercourses reduce their capacity to absorb excess water, causing urban flooding.
- Poor solid waste management: Improper disposal of solid waste can block drainage systems, increasing the risk of flooding.
- Inefficient stormwater drainage systems: Many cities have overwhelmed stormwater drainage systems during heavy rainfall, resulting in flooding.
Lasting remedial measures to mitigate floods:
- Enhance drainage and sewerage systems: Improve existing infrastructure by constructing decentralized covered drains and converting large open drains in suburban areas.
- Strengthen stormwater management: Develop and maintain efficient stormwater drainage systems to handle heavy rainfall and prevent flooding.
- Regulate encroachments: Enforce regulations against illegal encroachments on water bodies to preserve their capacity to absorb excess water.
- Improve solid waste management: Implement proper solid waste disposal systems to prevent blockages in drainage systems.
- Adapt to climate change: Develop climate-resilient urban planning and infrastructure to better cope with more frequent and severe flooding. copyright©iasexpress.net
- Community awareness and preparedness: Educating communities about flood risks and preparedness minimizes the impact on lives and property.
- Early warning systems: Implementing flood early warning systems enhances preparedness and response.