Poor sanitation is a primary cause of diseases worldwide = improving sanitation can have a beneficial impact on health both in households as well as communities. In order to meet the sanitation need, the government had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission in 2014. Since then, SBM became the world’s largest sanitation program by changing the behaviour of hundreds of millions of people with respect to toilet access and usage. However, there are also concerns regarding the overreporting of data, actual usage of toilets, etc. which we will discuss in this article.
There are growing instances of deaths while cleaning septic tanks and sewage treatment plants in several states. This highlights the need for a better understanding of the problems being faced by manual scavengers and addressing the challenges in the implementation of the manual scavenging law.
Economic Survey 2019 has brought in the Behavioural Economic Theory that provides insights to “nudge” the people to make economically and socially desirable choices. This is in contrast to the stringent economic and political policies to change the social behaviour of the people.
One of the most serious issues arising out of the wave of rapid urbanization and the resultant lifestyle changes is the management of domestic and industrial solid wastes generated domestically as well as in different industries adjoining or inside the cities.
Not just the amount, but the nature of the solid waste is also changing with the growing share of plastics and packaging materials.
Municipal laws regulating the urban local bodies are unable to deal effectively with the growing problem of solid waste management.
One of the most important aspects of Solid Waste Management is dealing with the garbage dumpsites/Landfills of the cities- most of them being open and nearby to residential areas.
This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:
- Some Basic Concepts
- What is the present scenario of waste management in India?
- What are the impacts of Waste Dumping?
- What is Solid Waste Management?
- How solid wastes are managed in India?
- What are the issues/challenges with the waste management system in India?
- What are the salient features of Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016?
- What are the Limitations of Solid Waste Management rules?
- What should be done?