Enemy Agents Ordinance Law

The Enemy Agents Ordinance, originally issued in 1917 by the Dogra Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, was designed to prevent collaboration with enemies during conflicts. Post-1947, it was incorporated into the state’s legal framework and adapted to new geopolitical realities. Following the abrogation of Article 370 in 2019, it remained in force under the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act. The law imposes severe penalties, including life imprisonment or death, for aiding enemies. Trials are conducted by special judges with limited rights to legal representation and no appeals. Notable cases, such as Maqbool Bhat’s, highlight its ongoing significance.

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