[Editorial] OIE Initiatives for Responsible Use of Antibiotics

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Antimicrobial Resistance – A Global Threat to Public Health

There are a number of diseases that occur due to microbes (microorganisms) like bacteria, virus, and parasites. Antibiotics fight against these microbes and they are widely used in the treatment and for preventing infections. However, the problem arises when people consume these antibiotics frequently. This creates antibiotic resistance where the drug does not benefit human health, but of the microbes as they are used to the drug.

By the year 2050, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is estimated to account for around 10 million deaths each year around the world, of which 2 million are expected to occur in India alone. Around 30% of neonatal sepsis deaths in India are associated with AMR. Therefore India, a pharma super-power, should fix this grave threat of antimicrobial resistance.

One Health Approach – Need, Opportunities, Challenges

Rudolf Virchow, the father of pathology, had once said, “Between animal and human medicine, there are no dividing lines – nor should there be”. This holds true especially in recent years with the increase in the instances of epidemic outbreaks due to zoonoses. This calls for the use of One Health approach, a paradigm shift in the human and animal health along with the conservation of biodiversity to ensure prevention and mitigation of pandemics like that of COVID-19.

Livestock Sector in India – Current Status, Challenges & Initiatives

Context-

The department of animal husbandry and dairying released the 20th livestock census in October 2019.

What is livestock-

Domestication of animals raised in an agricultural setting to gain labour and products such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, etc.

Livestock rearing, Dairying, Fisheries activities, along with agriculture, are an integral part of human life since the start of civilization. These activities have helped to improve the food basket and to gain draught animal power. As a result of conducive climate and topography, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries Sectors have played a prominent socio-economic role in India.

They play a significant role in generating employment in the rural sector, mainly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, apart from providing cheap and nutritious food to millions. They act as the ‘‘bank on hooves’’.

International Solar Alliance – Need, Objectives, Challenges, Benefits for India

India recently held the second assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) in October 2019. India is the current president of the ISA and France is the co-president.

International Solar Alliance represents India’s continuing efforts towards fighting Global warming and climate change. As the world still deliberates over the possible mechanisms to counter the impacts of climate change, The ISA is an action-oriented, sustainable model to balance the needs of developing countries and environmental efforts. It is the first organization working in the renewable energy sectors focusing solely on solar energy.

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